Florence: Cathedral Complex Of Piazza del Duomo

The Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore (Basilica of Saint Mary of the Flower) or the Florence “Duomo” (cathedral) as it is commonly referred to is a Gothic style cathedral that commenced construction in 1296 and was structurally completed in 1436.  The dome is the largest masonry dome ever constructed in the world.

The Duomo is part of the Cathedral Complex of Piazza del Duomo, which is in itself part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the entire historic centre of Florence.

florence duomo baptistery

The façade of the Duomo, has an interesting history.  It was only completed in its lower portion and was dismantled in 1587-88 as the Gothic exterior was considered old fashioned during this Renaissance era.  In 1864, a competition was held to design a new façade, which was built between 1876-67.  It is a neo-gothic façade in white, green and red marble, which matches the other structures that form the Cathedral Complex.

florence duomo baptistery

florence duomo baptistery

florence duomo baptistery

The amount of sculptures, artworks, carvings and intricate details on the Duomo is staggering.  It takes a lot of time to admire just a fraction of what there is to see.

florence duomo baptistery

florence duomo baptistery

florence duomo baptistery

florence duomo baptistery

florence duomo baptistery

The tall campanile (bell tower) to the right of the Duomo is Giotto’s Campanile.  It was constructed between 1334-59.  It was designed by painter, and Master of the Works of the Cathedral, Giotto di Bondone, who is considered one of the founding fathers of the Italian Renaissance movement.

florence duomo baptistery

The Battistero di San Giovanni (Baptistry of St John) forms part of the Cathedral Complex and is one of the oldest buildings in Florence, built between 1059-1128.  It is of the Florentine Romanesque style.  This was not the first baptistry on the site, with evidence of a smaller octagonal baptistry dating back to the late 4th century being found.

florence duomo baptistery

Of note are its 3 very impressive bronze doors with relief sculptures.  Michelangelo referred to the east doors as the “Gates of Paradise”.

florence duomo baptistery

The scaffolding is part of a cleaning project that is being undertaken.  It’s quite amazing to see the difference between the clean parts of the façade and the unclean parts.

florence duomo baptistery

RELATED ARTICLES
Paul
Paul
Paul founded The City Lane back in 2009 as a place to share photos of his travels around Europe with friends and family. The City Lane might have changed quite a lot since those early days but one thing that’s remained constant is Paul’s passion for food, travel and culture, and a desire to photograph and write about his experiences. Paul has a strong inquisitive nature that drives him to look beneath the surface in order to discover what really makes a city and its people tick, and what better way to do this than over a good meal or drink, with a city’s locals, at places that people who live in that city actually frequent. Paul is also a co-host of The Brunswick Beer Collective, a podcast that may or may not actually be about beer.

RECENT POSTS

- Advertisment -

STAY CONNECTED

13,151FansLike
104,113FollowersFollow
8,015FollowersFollow
35,206FollowersFollow
95SubscribersSubscribe